December 5, 2022
Online sales and delivery services have increased in the past few years, which makes more people buy their daily needs online. Sometimes these purchases need to be transferred from one country to another, resulting in longer supply chain and more logistics. All these operations affect the environment causing emissions and pollution rates.
Aspects of green logistics
Recycled raw materials
Using recyclable and eco-friendly raw materials in manufacturing processes can reduce air and water pollution by decreasing the urge to extract raw materials and prepare them for use in the manufacturing process. Moreover, procurement policies must include eco-friendly criteria, e.g., reducing the use of plastic for packaging. According to the European Commission, “by 2030, all plastic packaging should be designed to be recyclable or reusable.”
Improve distribution channels
Distribution channels constitute a significant part of logistics operations, and green logistics strategy seeks to reduce emissions by using shorter channels, new trucks with better engines, and speed limits management to reduce fuel consumption. Implementation of green distribution channels aims to minimize environmental damage.
Using renewable energy
Renewable energy won’t run out, and fossil fuel won’t be here for less than a decade. Still, alternative energy will last forever, and there are various types of renewable energy, such as solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and hydropower energy. Using alternative energy may cost more initially, however, this cost will reduce in the long run. It also helps to protect the environment with no greenhouse gas emissions, which leads to health improvement.
Company’s warehouses must follow sustainable standards and they should be designed according to building sustainable management, with efficient use of renewable energy, waste management, and using as little packaging as possible to reduce resource waste.
Challenges of green logistics
Green logistics have many benefits for both businesses and the environment, reducing transportation costs and improving logistics activities along with protecting the environment.
It reduces the environmental impact of logistics activities, improves health, increases efficiency by controlling energy waste. It also reduces costs by managing materials and energy waste and reducing shipping time and distances. But, companies are facing many challenges while trying to implement green logistics because of the following:
Expensive green technology
Increasing consumer demands
More delivery orders result in more traffic in cities. Sometimes companies have to take only one order or a few orders that are not enough for a full load, which increases the number of times needed to deliver consumer demands and leads to overcrowding and increased emissions and pollution levels.
Not enough knowledge
Lack of consumer interaction
Did you know?
The first ever ‘cargo only’ flight was recorded in November 1910 in the USA, using a Wright Model B aeroplane that flew 65 miles carrying a package of silk. The business owner used the pioneering transport more as a PR stunt to celebrate the opening of his store, with the bundle of silk cut into individual pieces and glued onto souvenir postcards.